SANSKRIT INDEX.

SANSKRIT INDEX.

The references in both Indexes are to paragraphs. In this one, many abbreviations are used; but it is believed that they will be found self-explaining. For example, "pron." is pronunciation; "euph." points out anything relating to phonetic form or euphonic combination; "pres.", to present-system; "int." is intensive; "des." is desiderative; and so on. A prefixed hyphen denotes a suffix; one appended, a prefix.

a, pron. etc., 19–22, combination with following vowel, 126, 127; loss of initial after e and o, 135, 175 a; resulting accent, 135 a; not liable to guṇa, 235 a; lightened to i or u, 249; lost in weakened syllable, 253.

a, as union-vowel in tense-inflection, 621 c, 631.

-a, primy, 1148; scdry, 1208, 1209; -a in -aka, 1181; — a-stems, dcln, 326–34; from rdcl ā-st., 333, 354; in compsn, 1270, 1287 a.

a- or an-, negative, 1121 a–c; in compsn, 1283 ff., 1288 a, 1304 a, b.

-aka, prmy, 1181; aka-stems sometimes govern accus., 271 c; scdry, 1222 j, k.

-aki, see 1221 b.

√akṣ, pf., 788.

akṣara, 8.

akṣán, ákṣi, 343 f, 431.

aghoṣa, 34 b.

√ac or añc, pf., 788 b; pple, 956 b, 967 c; stems ending with, 407–10.

-aj, 219 a, 383 k. 5.

√añc, see ac.

√añj, euph., 219 a; pres., 694, 687; pf., 788; tvā-ger'd, 991 d.

-aṇḍa, 1201 a.

-at, 383 k. 3 — and see -ant.

-ata, see 1176 e.

-ati, see 1157 g.

-atu, see 1161 d.

-atnu, see 1196 c.

-atra, see 1185 e.

-atha, see 1163 c.

-athu, see 1164.

√ad, impf., 621 c; caus., 1042 g.

-ad, 383 k. 4.

adhi, loss of initial, 1087 a.

adhika, in odd numbers, 477 a, 478 b.

√an, euph., 192 b; pres., 631.

-an, 1160.

an-, see a-.

-ana, 1150; stems in compan, 1271, 1296 b.

anaḍváh, euph., 224 b; dcln, 404.

-anā, 1150.

-ani, 1159.

-anī, 1150.

-anīya, 962, 965, 1215 b.

anu, changed to ānu after an-, 1087 b.

-anu, see 1162 c.

anudātta, 81.

anudāttatara, 90 c.

anunāsika, 36 a, 73 a.

anuvrata, with accus., 272.

anuṣṭúbh, euph., 151 d.

anusvāra, pron. etc., 70–3; transliteration, 73 c.

anehás, dcln, 419.

-ant or -at, of pples, 534, 1172; their dcln, 443 ff.

-anta, 1209 d.

antaḥsthā, 31, 51 a.

antara, in compsn, 1302 i.

-anti, see 1221 c.

anyá, dcln, 523.

ap or āp, dcln, 151 e, 393.

api, loss of initial, 1087 a.

-abha, 1199.

abhinihita-circumflex, 84 e.

√am, pres., 634; aor., 862.

-am, infln. in, 970 a; gerund, 995.

-amā, see 1166 b.

-aye, infln. in, 970 f, 975 b.

-ara, see 1188 d.

arí, dcln, 343 g.

-aru, see 1192 a.

√arth, so-called, 104 b, 1056, 1067.

artha, in compsn, 1302 h.

aryamán, dcln, 426 a.

árvan, árvant, 455.

√arh, pres., 613; pf., 788; aor., 862; desid., 1029 b.

-ala, see 1189 b.

alpaprāṇa, 37 d.

√av, aor., 838, 908; pple, 954 e; inf., 968 e; ya-ger'd, 992 c.

ava, loss of initial, 1087 a.

-ava, see 1190 a.

avagraha, 16.

√avadhīr, so-called, 104 b.

avayáj, avayā́, 406.

avyayībhāva, 1111 d, 1313.

√aç attain, pf., 788; aor., 834 b, 837–9, 847; fut., 936 c; inf., 968 d.

√aç eat, pf., 803 a des., 1029 b, 1031; caus., 1042 n.

√as be, pres., 636, 621 e; pf., 800 m; in periphr. conjn, 1070–2, 1073 d; in ppial periphr. phrases, 1075 d; in cmpd conjn, 1093, 1094.

√as throw, pres., 761 c ; aor., 847; pple, 956 e; inf., 968 c.

as final, euph. treatment of, 175; exceptional cases, 176.

-as, 1151; dcln of stems in, 411 ff,; as-stems in compsn, 1278, 1296 b, 1298 b.

-as, infln. in, 970 a, 971.

asán, ásṛj, 398, 432.

-asi, 1198.

ásṛj, euph., 219: and see asán.

-ase, infln. in, 970 c, 973 a.

asthán, ásthi, 343 i, 431.

-asna, see 1195 a.

-asnu, see 1994 d.

√ah say, pf., 801 a.

√ah connect (?), 788 a.

áhan, áhar, áhas, 430.


ā, pron. etc., 19, 22; combination of final, 126, 127; elision of initial, 135 d; vṛddhi of a, 236 ff.; lightened to ī or i, 250; to a,250 c; in pres, 661–6, 761 f, g; in aor., 884; in pple, 954 c; in des., 1028 d.

ā́, with ablative, 293 c, 983 a.

-ā, 1149.

ā-stems, dcln, 347 ff.

-āka, see 1181 d.

-āku, see 1181 d.

-ātu, see 1161 d.

ātman, used reflexively, 514 a.

ātmane padam, 529.

ādi, ādika, ādya, in compsn, 1302 d.

-āna, in pples, 584, 1175; used instead of māna, 741 a, 752 e, 1043 f; -āna in other derivatives, 1175 a.

-ānī, see 1223 b.

-ānu, see 1162 c.

ānunāsikya, 36 a.

√āp, 1087 f; pf., 783 d; aor., 847, 862; des., 1030.

ābhā, in compsn, 1302 i.

ām, impv. 3d sing, in, 618.

āmreḍita, 1260 d.

-āyana, 1219.

-āyī, 1220.

-āyya, 966 c, 1051 f, 1218.

-āra, see 1188 d, 1226 b.

-āru, see 1192 a.

-āla, see 1227 a, 1245 l.

-ālu, see. 1192 b, 1227 b.

√ās, pres., 619 c, 628; inf., 968 d; periph. pf., 1071 c; in ppial periph. phrases, 1075 c.

ā́s, āsán, āsyà, 398 b, 432.

ās final, euph. treatment of, 177.


i, pron. etc., 19, 20, 22; i and y, 55; combinations of final, 126, 129, 797 f; with preceding a-vowel, 127; from ya, 252, 784 c, 769, 922 b, 954 b; cases of loss before y, 233 a.

i, union-vowel, 254, 555 b; in pres., 630, 631, 634, 640; in pf., 796–8, 803; in aor., 876 b, 877; in fut., 934, 935, 943; in pple, 956; in infln., 968; in des., 1031.

i-stems, dcln, 335 ff.; from rdcl ī-st., 354; in compsn, 1276, 1287 c; sometimes govern accus., 271 f.

√i go, pf., 783 b, 801 d; fut, 935 a; ya-ger'd, 992 a, c; int., 1002 e, 1021 b; caus., 1042 l; in ppial periphr. phrases, 994 e, 1075 a; periphr. conj., 1071 f; irreg. comb. with prefixes, 1087 c; in compd conjn, 1092 b.

√i (in, inv) send, 716 a.

-i, prmy, 1155; scdry, 1221.

-ika, prmy, 1186 c; scdry, 1222 j, l.

-ika, fem. to -aka, 1181 c, 1222 i.

√ich, 608 b, 753 b.

-ij, 219 a, 383 k. 5.

-it, 383 k. 3; advbl, 1109 a.

-ita, 1176 a, b, d.

íti, uses of, 1102 a–c; peculiar construction with, 268 b; abbrev'd to ti, 1102 d.

-iti, see 1157 g.

-itu, see 1161 c.

-itnu, see 1196.

-itra, see 1185 e.

√idh or indh, euph., 160 c; aor., 836, 837, 840 b.

√in (or inv), 699 b, 709, 716 a, 749 b.

-in, 1183, 1230; in-stems, dcln, 438 ff.; in compsn, 1275, 1287 e; sometimes govern accus., 271 b; used participially, 960 b.

-ina, see 1177 b, 1209 c, 1223 f.

ínakṣa, 1029 c.

-ineya, see 1216 d.

√inv, see in.

-ibha, see 1199 a.

-ima, 1224 a.

-iman, see 1168 i–k.

iy in euph. comb'n from an i-vowel, a, e, d, 352 b.

-iya, 1214.

iyakva, 1029 c.

íyant, dcln, 451.

ir-stems, dcln, 392.

ira, see 1188 e, 1226 b.

irajya, iradha, 1021 a.

√il, caus., 1042 b.

-ila, see 1189 b, 1227 a.

iva, euph., 1102.

-iva, see 1190 a.

-ivas, see 1173 b.

√iṣ desire, pres., 608 b, 753 b; inf., 968 d; desid., 1029 b.

√iṣ send, caus., 1042 b.

-iṣa, see 1197 b.

-iṣṭha, 467–70, 1184.

-iṣṇu, 1194.

-is, 1153; is-stems, dcln, 411 ff.


ī, pron. etc., 19, 20, 22; combinations of final, 126, 129, 797 f; with preceding a-vowel, 127; circumflexed, 128; uncombinable in dual etc., 138; ī as final of stem in verbal compsn, 1093, 1094.

ī, union-vowel, 254; in tense-inflection, 555 b, c; of pres., 632–4; of impf., 621, 631–4; of s-aor., 880 b, 888–91; of int., 1004 ff.; ī for i, 900 b, 935 a, 968 d, f.

ī-stems, dcln, 347 ff.

-ī, 1156; to i before added sfx, 471 b, 1203 d, 1237 c, 1239 b; in compsn, 1249 d.

-īka, see 1186 c.

√īkṣ, aor., 862; desid., 1029b; periph. pf., 1071 c, 1073 a.

√īḍ, pres., 628, 630; pf., 783 d.

īta- for eta-forms in optative, 738 b, 771 d, 1032 a, 1043 c.

-īti, see 1157 g.

-ītu, see 1161 c.

-īna, prmy, see 1171 b; scdry, 1223 d.

-īman, see 1168 j.

īya, conj.-stem, 1021 b.

-īya, 1215.

-īyas, 467–70, 1184; stems in, dcln, 463 ff.

√īr, pres., 628; pf., 783 d, 801 d; pple, 957 b.

-īra, see 1188 e.

-īva, see 1190 a.

√īç, pres., 628, 630.

īçvara, with infin., 984, 987.

√īṣ, euph., 225 a.

-īṣa, see 1197.

√īh, euph., 240 b.


u, pron. etc., 19, 20, 22; u and v, 57; combinations of final, 126, 129; with preceding a-vowel, 127; from va, 252, 784, 769, 922 b, 954 b, 956 d; cases of loss before v, 233 a; final u gunated in scdry derivation, 1203 a.

u-stems, dcln, 335 ff.; from rdcl ū-st, 354; desid. u-stems govern accus., 271 a.

-u, 1178; -u in -uka, 1180 a.

-uka, 1180; stems sometimes govern accus., 271 g.

ukṣán, dcln, 426 b.

√uch, 608 b, 753 b.

√ujh, periphr. pf., 1071 c.

√uñch, pres., 758.

uṇādi-suffixes, 1138 a.

-ut, 383 k. 3.

-utra, see 1185 e.

-utṛ, see 1182 b.

-utha, see 1163 d.

√ud or und, pres., 694 a, 758 a; pple, 957 d; desid., 1029 b.

úd, údaka, udán, 398 b, 432.

udātta, 81.

-una, see 1177 c.

-uni, see 1158 e.

upadhmānīya, 69.

√ubj, aor., 862.

√ubh or umbh, pres., 694, 758 a.

-ubha, see 1199 a.

ubháya, dcln, 525 c.

ur or us as 3d pl. ending, 169 b.

ur-stems, dcln, 392.

-ura, see 1188 f, 1226 b.

-uri, 1191 a.

-ula, see 1189 b, 1227 a.

uv in euph. comb'n from an u-vowel, 129 a, c, d, 352 b, 697 a.

uçánas, uçánā, dcln, 355 a, 416.

√uṣ, pres., 608 b; ya-ger'd, 992 b; periphr. pf., 1071 f.

-uṣa, see 1197 c.

uṣás, euph., 168 a; dcln, 415 b.

-uṣi, see 1221 c.

uṣṇíh, euph., 223 a.

-us, 1154; us-stems, dcln, 411 ff.

usṛ́, 371 j.

us or ur as 3d pl. ending, 169 b.


ū, pron. etc., 19, 20, 22; combinations of final, 126, 129, 797 f; with preceding a-vowel, 127; circumflexed, 128; uncombinable in dual, 138 a.

ū-stems, dcln, 347 ff.

-ū, 1179.

-ūka, see 1180 f.

-ūtṛ, see 1182 b.

-ūtha, see 1163 d.

ū́dhan, ū́dhar, ū́dhas, 430 d.

ūna, in odd numbers, 477 a, 478 b.

-ūna, see 1177 c.

-ūra, see 1188 f.

ū́rj, euph., 219 a.

√ūrṇu, so-called, 104 b, 713; pf., 801 g, 1071 e; ya-ger'd, 992 c.

-ūṣa, see 1197 c.

ūṣman, 31, 59.

√ūh remove, infln., 968 c; ya-ger'd, 992 c.

√ūh consider, euph., 240 b, 745 a; pres., 894 d, 897 b.


ṛ, pron. etc., 23–6; objectionable pronunciation and transliteration as ṛi, 24 a; question of ṛ or ar in roots and stems, 104 d, e, 237; combinations of final, 126, 129; with preceding a-vowel, 127; exceptions, 127 a; impedes change of preceding s to ṣ, 181 a; changes succeeding n to ṇ, 189 ff.; guṇa and vṛddhi increments of, 235 ff.; irregular changes, 241, 243; variable final ṛ of roots (so-calledṝ), 242.

ṛ-roots, root-nouns from, 383 b, g.

ṛ-stems, dcln, 369 ff.

ṛ, variable (so-called ṝ), roots in, 242, 245 b; their passive, 770 c; aor., 885, 900 b; prec., 922 a; fut., 935 a; pple, 957 b; root-infln., 971; gerund in ya, 992 a.

√ṛ, euph., 242 c; pres., 608 a, 699 a, 753 b, 643 d, 645, 716 a; passive, 770 c; pf., 783 a; aor., 834 a, 837 b, 840 b, 847, 853, 862; pple, 957 b; int, 1002 e; caus., 1042 i; caus. aor., 1047.

-ṛ, see 1182 h.

ṛi, ṛī, bad transliterations for ṛ, ṝ, 24 a.

√ṛc or arc, pf., 788 a; aor., 862, 894 d, 897 b; ya-ger'd, 992 b.

√ṛch, 608, 753 b; pf., 788 b.

-ṛj, 383 k. 5.

√ṛñj or ṛj or arj stretch out, pres., 758 a; pf., 788 b; aor., 894 d, 897 b.

√ṛṇv, 716 a.

-ṛt, 383 k. 3.

ṛtvíj, euph., 219.

√ṛd, pple, 957 d.

√ṛdh, pres., 694; pf., 788 a; aor., 832, 837, 838, 840 a, 847, 862; des., 1029 b, 1030.

ṛbhukṣan, dcln, 434.

√ṛṣ, pf., 788 b.

ṛhánt, dcln, 450 e.

 

ṝ, pron. and occurrence, 23–6; objectionable pronunciation and transliteration as ṛī, 24 a; as alleged final of roots, 104 d, 242 (and see ṛ, variable); changes succeeding n to ṇ, 189 ff.

ḷ, pron. and occurrence, 23–6; objectionable pronunciation and transliteration as ḷi or ḷri, 24 a; its guṇa-increment, 236.

ḷi, ḷri, bad transliterations for ḷ, 24 a.


ḹ, 23 a.


e, pron. etc., 27–9; combinations of final, 131–3, 135; with final a-vowel, 127; uncombinable in dual etc., 138 a, b, f; guṇa of i and ī, 235 ff.; from radical ā, 250 d; as alleged final of roots, 251, 761 f.

e, infln. in, 970 a, 971.

éka, dcln, 482 a, b; used as article, 482 c; in making 9's 477 a, b.

ekaçruti, 90 c.

√edh, pf., 790 c; desid., 1029 b, 1031 b; periph. pf., 1071 c.

-ena, 1223 e.

-enya, 966 b, 1038, 1217.

-eya, 1216.

-eyya, 1216 e.

-era, see 1201 a, 1226 b.

-eru, see 1192 a.

-elima, 966 d, 1201 a.

eṣás, euph., 176 a.


āi, pron. etc., 27–9; combination with final a-vowel, 127; as final, 131–3; vṛddhi of i and ī, 235 ff.; as alleged final of roots, 251, 761 e; for union-vowel ī in tense-inflection, 555 c; for e in subj. endings, 561 a.

āi as gen.-abl. ending, 365 d.


o, pron. etc., 27–9; combination with final a-vowel, 127; as final, 131, 132, 134, 135; before suffix ya, 136 b; uncombinable, 138 c, f; for final as, 175, 176; ar, 179 a; guṇa of u and ū, 235 ff.; as alleged final of roots, 251, 761 g.

oṁ, euph., 137 b.

-otṛ, see 1182 b.

odana, euph., 137 b.

-ora, see 1201 a.

oṣṭha, euph., 137 b.

oṣṭhya, 49.


āu, pron. etc., 27–9 ; combination with final a-vowel, 127; as final, 131, 132, 134 b; vṛddhi of u and ū, 235 ff.


ḥ, pron. etc., 67–9; makes heavy syllable, 79; occurrence as final, 148, 170 a; for the labial and guttural spirants, 170 d; from finals, 145, 170 a, 172; from r, 144, 178; allows change of s to , 183.


ṅ or ṁ, pron. etc., 70–3; makes heavy syllable, 79; occurrence as final, 148; allows change of s to ṣ, 183; occurrence, 204, 212, 213 e.


k, pron. etc., 39, 40; relation to c, 42; to ç, 64; s to ṣ after, 180 ff.; added to final n̄, 211; from c, by reversion, 214 ff.; as final, and in internal combination, 142, 217; from ç, do., 145, 218; from ṣ, 226 e; anomalously from t, 151 a; to t, 151 c.

-ka, prmy, 1186; scdry, 1222; ka in -uka, 1180 a; in -aka, 1181.

-kaṭa, see 1245 k.

kaṇṭhya guttural, 39.

√kan, pf., 786 e; aor., 899 d.

√kath, so-called, 1056.

√kam, aor., 868; pple, 955 a.

kampa, 78 d, 87 d, 90 ff.

kámvant, euph., 212.

-kara, 1201 a.

karmadhāraya, 1263 a.

√kal, caus., 1042 g.

kalpa in compsn, 1302 i.

√kas, pple, 956 b.

√kā, int. (?), 1013 b.

kāma, with accus., 272; in compsn with infin.-stem, 968 g.

kāmya as denom.-sign, 1066.

kāra, in sound-names, 18.

√kāç, int., 1017.

√kās, periph. pf., 1071 f.

kíyant, dcln, 451.

√kir, 756.

√kīrt or kṝt, so-called, 1056.

√ku, pres., 633.

√kuc, caus., 1042 h.

√kup, pres., 761 a; aor., 840b; pple, 956 b.

√kumār, so-called, 104 b.

kuvíd, accent of verb with, 595 e.

√kṛ make, pres., 714, 716, 855 a; pf. 797 c, 800 k; aor. 831, 834 a–40, 847, 894 d; int, 1002 g, h; prefixes s, 1087 d; in periph. conjn, 1070–3; in compd conjn, 1091–4; special constructions, 268 a.

√kṛ, kir scatter, 242 b; pres., 756; aor., 885; prefixes s, 1087 d.

√kṛ commemorate, int, 1002 d, 1019 b.

√kṛt cut, pres., 758; aor., 847, 852 a; fut., 935 b.

-kṛt, see 1105.

kṛt-suffixes, 1138 a.

-kṛtvas, see 1105.

√kṛp, pres., 745 b; aor., 834 b; cans., 1042 b.

kṛçá as pple, 958.

√kṛṣ, 102 a; euph., 226 f; pf. 790 c; aor., 916 a, 920 a; fut., 935 d, 936 d; inf., 968 d.

√kḷp, 26; pf., 786 a; fut., 935 b, 936 d.

-knī, see 1176 d.

√knū, caus., 1042 l.

√krand, pf., 794 d; aor., 847, 861 a, 890 b; int., 1002 g, h, 1017.

√kram, pres., 745 d; aor., 833, 847, 899 d, 904 a; fut. 935 b; pple, 955 a; inf., 968 d; tvā-ger'd, 991 b; des., 1031 b; caus., 1042 g; in periphr. conj., 1070 c.

√krī, caus., 1042 l.

√krīḍ, caus., 1042 n.

√krudh, aor., 847.

√kruç, aor., 916 a, 920 a.

króṣṭu, kroṣṭṛ́, 343 k, 374.

√klam, pres., 745 d, 761 a, 763; pple, 955 a.

√klid, pple, 957 d.

√kliç, aor., 916 a.

kṣ, combinations of, 146, 221.

√kṣan, pple, 954 d; inf., 968 e.

√kṣam, pres., 763; fut., 935 b; pple, 955 a, 956 b; inf., 968 d; caus., 1042 g.

kṣám, dcln, 388.

√kṣar, aor., 890.

√kṣal, caus., 1042 n.

√kṣā, pres., 761 e; pple, 957 a.

kṣāma as pple, 958.

√kṣi possess, pres., 755; caus., 1042 d, l.

√kṣi destroy, pres., 761 b; fut, 935 a; pple, 957 a; ya-ger'd, 922 a; caus., 1042 l.

√kṣud, pple, 957 d.

√kṣudh, pres., 761 a; aor., 847.

√kṣubh, pple, 956 b.

kṣāipra-circumflex, 84 a.

√kṣṇu, pres., 626.

√kṣvid, pple, 957 d.


kh, pron. etc., 39; relation to ṣ, 61 b.

√khan or khā, 102 a; pass., 772; pf., 794 e; aor., 890 a; pple, 955 b; inf., 968 e; ya-ger'd, 992 a; caus., 1042 g.

√khā, 102 a.

√khid, pf., 790 b; pple, 957 d.

√khud, khun, int., 1002 g, h.

√khyā, aor., 847, 894 c; fut, 936 c.


g, pron. etc., 39; relation to j, 42; from j by reversion, 214 ff.

gata, in compsn, 1273 c.

√gam, 102 a; pres., 608 b, 747, 855 a; aor., 833, 834b, 837–40, 847, 881 e, 887 b; pf., 794 e, 805 a; fut, 943 a; pple, 954 d; int., 1002 g, h, 1003; des., 1028 e, 1031 b; caus., 1042 g; root-noun, 383 h.

√gal, int., 1002 d.

√gā go, 102 a; pres., 660; aor., 830, 836, 839, 884, 894 c; desid., 1028 d.

√gā sing, 251; pres., 761 e; aor., 894 d, 912; pple, 954 c; inf., 968 f; ya-ger'd, 992 a; caus., 1042 j, k.

√gāh or gah, pple, 956 e; int., 1002 d.

√gir, gil, 756; caus., 1042 b.

√gu, int., 1002 d.

guṇa, 27, 235 ff.

√gup, aor., 863 a; inf., 968 c; ya-ger'd, 992 c; des., 1040.

√gur, pres., 756; aor., 834 a; pple, 957 b.

√guh, euph., 155 b, d, 223 b, 240 c; pres., 745 c; pf., 793 i; aor., 847, 852, 916 a, 920 a, f; inf., 968 e; ya-ger'd, 992 c; caus., 1042 b.

√gṛ sing, euph., 242 b; aor., 894 d.

√gṛ swallow, euph., 242 b; pres., 756; aor., 836; inf., 968 d; int., 1002 d.

√gṛ (or jāgṛ) wake, 1020; aor., 867, 871.

√gṛdh, pf., 786 a; aor., 847.

gó, euph., 134 a, 236 b; dcln, 361 c, f.

gdha, gdhi, 233 f.

√grath or granth, pres., 730 a; pf., 794 h; caus., 1042 h.

√grabh or grah, euph., 155 b, 223 g; pres., 723, 729, 731, 732, 904 d, 1066 b; pf., 794 c, 801 i; aor., 834 b, 847, 900 b, 904 a, b; fut. 936 e; pple, 956 d, e; infin., 968 f; pass., 998 f; des., 1031 b; caus., 1042 b.

√gras, pple, 956 b.

√glā, pres., 761 e; aor., 912; pple, 957 a; caus., 1042 j.

glāú, dcln, 361 a.


gh, pron. etc., 30; h derived from, 66; from h, by reversion, 214 ff., 402.

√ghaṭ, caus., 1042 g.

√ghas, euph., 167, 233 f; jakṣ from, 640; pf., 794 d; aor., 833, 847; pple, 954 e.

ghoṣavant, 34.

√ghrā, pres., 671, 749 a; tvā-ger'd, 991 d; ya-ger'd, 992 c; caus., 1042 d.


n̄, pron. etc., 39; occurrence as final, 143, 386. 2, 3, 407 a; duplication as final, 210; adds k before sibilant, 211.


c, pron. etc., 42–4; as final, 142; from t before a palatal, 202 a, 203; n to ñ before it, 208 b ; internal combinations of, 217; reversion to k, 216 ff.; in pres., 681; pf., 787; int., 1002 i; des., 1028 f.

√cakās or cakāç, so-called, 677.

√cakṣ, pres., 444 a, 621 a, 628, 675.

catúr, dcln, 482 g, h.

√cam, pres., 745 d; pple, 955 a; caus., 1042 g.

√car, euph., 242 d; aor., 899 d; pple, 957 b; inf., 968 c; tvā-ger'd, 991 b, c; int., 1002 d, 1003, 1017; des., 1031 b; in ppial periphr. phrases, 1075 b.

√carv, pple, 956 a, 957 b.

√cal, int., 1003; caus., 1042 g.

√cāy, pres., 761 e; tvā-ger'd, 991 c; ya-ger'd, 992 b; periphr. pf., 1071 f.

√ci gather, reversion of c to k, 216 l, 681, 787, 1028 f; pres., 716 b, 855 a; aor., 889; tvā-ger'd, 991 d; ya-ger'd, 992 a; caus., 1042 l.

√ci note, pres., 645; aor., 834 a.

√cit, reversion of c to k, 216 l, 681, 787, 1002 i, 1028 f; pf., 790 b, 801 e; aor., 840 a, b; int., 1002 i, 1024; des., 1040; caus., 1042 b.

√ceṣṭ pf., 790 c.

√cyu, pf., 785 a; aor., 840 b, 866, 867, 868 a, 870; inf., 968 c; caus., 1042 e.


ch, pron. etc., 42, 44; as final, 142; from ç after t or n, 203; after other mutes, 203 a; in internal combination, 220; duplication between vowels, 227; çch for, 227 a.

cha present-stems, 608.

√chad, pple, 957 d.

√chand, aor., 863 a, 890 b; caus., 1042 g.

√chā, pres., 753 c; pple, 954 c; tvā-ger'd, 991 b; caus., 1042 k.

√chid, pres., 694 a; pf., 805 b; aor., 832 a, 834 d, 847, 887 a; pple, 957 d.

√chur, caus., 1042 b.

√chṛd, pple, 957 d; tvā-ger'd, 991 d.


j, pron. etc., 42–4; as final, 142; in internal combination, 219; n to ñ before it, 202 b; from t before sonant palatal, 202 a; reversion to g, 215 ff.; in pf., 787; in des., 1028 f.; before na of pple, 957 c; anomalously changed to d, 151 c.

√jakṣ, 102 a; euph., 233 f; pres., 640, 675; pple, 954 e.

jágat, dcln, 450 d.

jagdha etc., 233 f.

√jan, 102 a; pres., 631 a, 645, 680, 761 b, 772; pf., 794 e; aor., 834 b, 904 d; pple, 955 b; inf., 968 e; des., 1031 b.

jáni, dcln, 343 f.

janús, dcln, 415 c.

√jap, pple, 956 b; int., 1002 d, 1017.

√jambh or jabh, inf., 968 e; int., 1017.

√jalp, pf., 790 c.

√jas, aor., 871.

√jā, 102 a.

√jāgṛ, so-called, 104 b, 1020; pf., 1071 e.

jātya-circumflex, 84 b.

√ji conquer, reversion of j to g, 216 l; in pf., 787; in des., 1028 f; aor., 839, 889, 894 b, 904 b; fut., 935 a; caus., 1042 l; caus. aor., 1047, 861 b; periph. pf., 1071 f.

√ji injure — see jyā.

√jinv, 716 a, 749 b.

jihvāmūlīya, 39 a, 69.

√jiv, aor., 861 a ; des., 1028 h, 1031 b; caus., 1042 n.

√jur, pres., 756, 766.

√juṣ, aor., 834 b, 836, 840 b; in sajū́s, 225 a, 392 b.

√jū, pres., 728; pf., 786 c. √jṛ waste away, euph., 216 l, 242 b; pres., 756, 766; pf., 793 h, 794 k; pple, 957 b; caus., 1042 e.

√jñā, pres.,730b, 731; pf., 790 b; aor., 830, 838, 894 c, 912; caus., 1042 j; caus. aor., 1047, 861 b; caus. des., 1030; caus. pple, 1051 b.

√jyā or jī, pres., 761 b; pf., 785 a, 794 b; aor., 912; pple, 954 c.

√jri, aor., 897 b.

√jval, aor., 899 d; caus., 1042 g.


jh, pron. and occurrence, 42; as final, 142; in internal combination, 220 b.


ñ, pron. etc., 42; from n after a palatal, 201; before j, 202 b; ç, 203; c, 208 b.


ṭ, pron. etc., 45, 46; from a final palatal, 142; ç, 145, 218; ṣ, 145; h, 147; adds t before s, 199 e; added to final ṇ before sibilant, 211; from j in internal combination, 219; ch, 220; kṣ, 221; h, 222; ṣ, 226 b.


ṭh, pron. etc., 45, 46.


ḍ, pron. etc., 45; ordinary derivation, 46;  used for, 5 a, 54; from d with preceding sibilant, 198 d, 199 d.


ḍh, pron. etc., 45, 46; ḷh used for, 54; from dh with preceding sibilant, 199 d; from h with following t or th or dh, 222 b.

ḍhvam or dhvam, 226 c, 881 b, 901 a, 924 a.


ṇ, pron. etc., 45; ordinary derivation, 46; as final, 143; change of n to, 189–95; from n with preceding sibilant, 199 b; doubled as final, 210; adds ṭ before a sibilant, 211.


t, pron. etc., 47, 48; from final radical s, 145; do. in internal combn, 167, 168; with preceding sonant aspirate, 160; assim. to following l, 162; added after ṭ before s, 199 e; after n before s or ṣ, 207; to palatal before palatal, 202; before ç, 203; anomalously changed to k, 151 a; to ṭ, 151 b; from k and j, 151 c.

-t, added after short final vowel of root, 345, 376 h, 383 f–h, 1143 d, 1147 d, 1196 a, 1213 a; irregular cases, 1147 e.

-ta, of pple, 952–6, 1176; ta-stems in compsn, 1273, 1284; scdry, 1245 e.

√taṅs or tas, pf., 794 d; aor., 847.

√takṣ, pres., 628; pf., 790 b; pple, 956 a.

√taḍ, euph., 198 c.

tatpuruṣa, 1263 a.

taddhita-suffixes, 1138 a.

√tan stretch, pass., 772; pf., 794 f, 805 a; aor., 833 a. 834 b, 847, 881 e, 890 a, 899 d; pple, 954 d; ya-ger'd, 992 a; des., 1028 e.

-tana, 1245 g–i.

tanū as refl. pronoun, 514 b.

√tap, pres., 761 b ; aor., 834 d, 233 e, 865 a; fut, 935 b.

√tam, pres., 763; aor., 847; pple, 955 a; inf., 968 e.

-tama, 471–3, 487 f, g, 1242 a, b.

-tamam and -tāmam, 1111 e, 1119.

-taya, 1245 a.

-taye, infin. in, 970 e, 975.

-tar, see 1109 a, and -tṛ.

-tara, 471–3, 1242 a, b.

-taram and tarām, 1111 e, 1119.

-tari, infln. in, 970 i, 979.

-tavant, pple in, 959, 960.

-tave and tavāi, infln. in, 970 b, 972.

-tavya, 962, 964, 1212 i.

√tas, see taṅs.

-tas, 1152; advbl, 1098.

-tā, 1237.

-tāt, impv. forms in, 570, 571, 618, 654, 704, 723, 740, 752 c, 760 c, 839, 1011 a, 1032a, 1043 d.

-tāt, 383 k, 1238; advbl, 1100 b.

-tāti, 1238.

√tāy, pres., 761 e; periphr. pf., 1071 f.

tālavya, 44 a.

-ti, 1157; ti-stems in compsn, 1274, 1287 d; scdry, 519, 1157 h; advbl, 1102 a–d.

√tij, euph., 219 a; des., 1040.

-titha, 1242 e.

√tir, 756, 766.

√tu, pres., 633; pf., 786 c; aor., 868 a; int., 1002 g.

-tu, 1161, 970 b, 972.

√tuj, caus., 1042 b.

√tud, pres., 758; pple, 957 d.

-tum, infin. in, 968, 970 b, 972, 987, 988.

√tur, pres., 756, 766; des., 1029 a; caus., 1042 b.

-tur, 1182 g.

√tul, caus., 1042 b.

√tuṣ, caus., 1042 b.

√tṛ, euph., 242 b; pres., 709, 715 c, 756, 766; pf., 794 k, 801 f, 804; aor., 904 d; pple, 957 b; inf., 968 d; ya-ger'd, 992 a; int, 1002 d, g, 1003, 1017; desid., 1029 a.

-tṛ, 943, 1182; tṛ-stems, dcln, 369 ff.; govern accus., 271 d; verbal use of, 946; make periphr. fut, 942–7.

tṛca, euph., 233 a.

tṛta, tṛtīya, euph., 243.

√tṛd, aor., 836 b, 837 a; pple, 957 d.

√tṛp, pres., 710, 758; pf., 786 a; fut., 936 d; aor., 847, 852 a.

√tṛṣ, pf., 786 a; aor., 840 b, 847

√tṛh or tṛṅh, euph., 223 b, 224 b; pres., 694 a, 695; aor., 847, 916 a.

toçás, dcln, 415 b.

-tos, infln. in, 970 b, 972.

tta for dāta, 955 f, 1087 e.

tti for dāti, 1157 c.

-tna, 1245 g, h.

-tnu, 1196.

tman, dcln, 426 b.

-tya, for -ya, 992; scdry, 1245 b–d.

√tyaj, 1087 f; euph., 219 a; pf., 785 a; fut. 935 b; pple, 956 b.

-tyāi, infln. in, 970 e, 975 a.

-tra, 1185; or trā, advbl, 1099.

√trap, pf., 794 h.

√tras, pf., 794 h; aor., 899 d.

√trā, 102 a; pres., 628; aor., 887 d, 893 a, 895.

-trā, see -tra.

tri, dcln, 482 e, f; in compsn, 1300 c.

-tri, see 1185 g.

triṣṭúbh, euph., 151 d.

-trī, 376 c, 1182.

-tru, see 1185 g.

-tva, gerundival, 966 a, 1209 h; scdry, 1239.

-tvatā, 1239 d.

-tvan, see 1169.

-tvana, 1240.

√tvar, caus., 1042 g.

-tvara, see 1171.

-tvā, 990, 991, 993.

-tvānam, 993 c.

-tvāya, 993 b.

√tviṣ, pres., 621 a; aor., 916 a.

-tvī, 993 b.

-tvīnam, 993 c.

√tsar, aor., 890 a, 899 d.


th, pron. etc., 47, 48; with preceding sonant aspirate, 160.

-tha, 1163; ordinal, 487 c, 1242 d; or thā, advbl, 1101.

-tham, advbl, see 1101 a.

-thā, see tha.

-thāt, advbl, 1101 a.

-thu, 1164.


d, pron. etc., 47, 48; anomalously changed to , 151 b; do. from h, 404.

dákṣina, dcln, 525 c.

√dagh, euph., 155 b, 160 c; aor., 833, 836 b, 838, 847.

√dad, 672; pf., 794 j.

√dadh, 672; euph., 155 e, 160 c.

dadhán, dádhi, 343 i, 431.

dán, euph., 389 b.

dánt, dcln, 396.

dantya, 47.

√dabh or dambh, euph., 155 b; pf., 794 h; aor., 833; des., 1030.

√dam, pres., 763; pple, 955 a; tvā-ger'd, 991 b.

-dam, advbl, see 1103 b.

√day, pres., 761 f; periph. pf., 1071 f.

√daridrā, so-called, 104b, 1024 a; pf., 1071 e.

√dal, caus., 1042 g.

√daç or daṅç, pres., 746; pf., 794 d; tvā-ger'd, 991 d.

√das, aor., 847, 852 b, 899 d.

√dah, euph., 155 b, d, 223 a; aor., 890 a, 897 a, 444 a; fut., 935 d; int, 1002 d; des., 1030.

√dā give, pres., 667–9, 672, 855 a; pf., 803 a; aor., 830, 834 a, 836, 837, 839, 847, 884, 894 c; pple, 955 f, 1087 e, 1157 c; inf., 968 f; tvā-ger'd, 991 b; ya-ger'd, 992 a; des., 1030, 1034 b.

√dā divide, 251; pres., 753 c, 761 g; aor., 834 a; pple, 954 c, 955 f, 957 a, 1087 e, 1157 c; ya-ger'd, 992 a.

√dā bind, pres., 753 c, 761 g; aor., 884; pple, 954 c.

√dā protect, alleged, pf., 787.

-dā, advbl, 1103 a, b.

-dānīm, advbl, 1103 c.

√dāç, pres., 444, 639 c; pf., 790 b, 803 a.

√dās, pres., 444.

-di, advbl, 1103 e.

didyót etc., 336 e.

√div, see dīv.

dív, dcln, 361 d.

√diç, euph., 218 a; aor., 916, 920 a; int., 1017.

√dih, euph., 155 b, 223 a; aor., 916.

√dīkṣ, des., 1031 b; caus., 1042 n.

√dīdī, so-called, 676; pf., 786 b.

√dīdhī, so-called, 104 b, 676; pf., 786 b; aor., 897 b.

√dīp, aor., 861 a.

√dīv play, euph., 240 b; pres., 765; pple, 955 c; inf., 968 e.

√dīv or dev lament, pple, 957 a; inf., 968 e.

√du or dū, pres., 716 b; pple, 957 a.

ducchúnā, euph., 168 b.

√dudh, 102 a.

√duṣ, euph., 240 c, 1155 a; aor., 847; caus., 1042 b.

dus-, 225 a, 1121; in compsn, 1284 a, b, 1288 e, f, g, 1304 c, d.

√duh, euph., 165 b, d, f, 223 a; pres., 621, 635; pf., 801 h; aor., 916, 920 a f.

√dṛ pierce, euph., 242 c; pf., 793 h; pple, 957 b; int., 1002 d, 1003, 1023; caus., 1042 e.

√dṛ heed, pres., 757, 773; aor., 834 a, 881 b.

√dṛp, aor., 847; fut., 935 b, 936 d.

√dṛç, euph., 218 a; pf., 790 c, 801 e, 805 b; aor., 832, 834 b, 836, 840 b, 847, 890 a, 894 a; fut., 936 d; pass., 998 f; root-noun, dcln, 386. 3.

dṛç, dṛça, drkṣa, with pron.-stems, 518.

√dṛh or dṛúh, euph., 155 b, 223 b, d; pres., 758, 761 b, 767; pf., 786 a.

devanāgarī, 1.

doṣán, dós, 398 a. 432.

dyú and dyó, dcln, 361 d, e.

√dyut, pf., 785 a; aor., 840 a, b, 847, 863 a, 890 a; int., 1002 g; caus., 1042 b.

-dyus, see 1105 b.

√drā run, pple, 957 a; int., 1024 a.

√drā sleep, aor., 912; pple, 954 c, 957 a; int., 1024 a.

√dru, pf., 797 c; aor., 868; int., 1018 a; caus., 1042 e.

√druh, euph., 155 b, d, 223 a, c; aor., 834 d. 847, 920 e, f.

dvandva, 1252 a.

dvā́r, dcln, 388. 3.

dvi, cmpds with, 1300 c.

dvigu, 1312.

√dviṣ, euph., 226 d, f; pres., 621 a; aor., 916, 920 b.


dh, pron. etc., 47. 48; from t or th after sonant aspirate, 160; h from, 223 g.

-dha, see -dhā.

√dham or dhmā, pres., 760 ; pass., 772; aor., 912; pple, 955 b; ya-ger'd, 992 a.

√dhā put, euph., 223 g; pres., 667–9, 672, 856 a; aor., 830, 834–7, 839, 847, 884; pple, 954 c; inf., 968 f; tvā-ger'd, 991 b; des., 1028 d, 1030, 1031 a; in periphr. conj., 1070 c.

√dhā suck, 251; pres., 761 f; aor., 868; pple, 954 c; inf., 968 f; ya-ger'd, 992 a.

-dhā or -dha, advbl, 1104.

√dhāv rinse, pple dhāutá, 954 e.

√dhi (or dhinv), 716 a.

dhi, final of compds, 1155 g, 1276 b.

√dhū or dhu, pres., 712, 728 a, 755; pf., 790 b; aor., 868 a, 887 c; int., 1002 g, 1003, 1018 a; caus., 1042 m.

√dhūrv, aor., 887 c; des., 1028 h.

√dhṛ, pres., 767, 773; pf., 786 a; aor., 834 a, 867, 871; int., 1003.

√dhṛṣ, pf., 786 a; aor., 847, 852 b; pple, 956 b.

√dhmā, see dham.

√dhyā, pres., 761 e; aor., 912.

-dhyāi, infin. in, 970 g, 976, 1050 f.

√dhvaṅs or dhvas, euph., 168; pf., 790 c; aor., 847; caus., 1042 g.

√dhvan, pple, 955 a, 956 b; caus., 1042 g.

√dhvṛ, pple, 955 e.

 

n, pron. etc., 47, 48; as final, 143; for final rdcl m, 143 a, 212 a; change to ṇ, 189–95; to ñ after and before palatals, 201–3. 208 b; combinations as root-final, 204; loss as stem-final, 204 b; assim. to palatals and linguals, 205; to l, 206; before sibilants, 207; treated as ns, 208, 209; duplication of final, 210; instability as final, 256, 1203 b; used as union-cons., 257, 313, 482 h; question of final of pañcan etc., 484; final n in secndry dervn, 1203 c.

ná, comparative, 1122 h.

na added to tha or ta of 2d pl., 549 a; forms so made, 613, 616 b, 618, 621 b, 654, 658, 669, 690, 704, 707, 723, 735 b, 740, 752 b, 760 c, 831 a, 839, 849 a.

-na, of pples, 952, 957, 1177; euph., 161 b; scdry, 1223 g, 1245 f; in compsn, 1273, 1284.

√nakṣ, 102 a.

√nad, caus., 1042 g.

√nand, euph., 192 a.

√nabh, euph., 192 a; cans., 1042 g.

√nam, pf., 786 a; aor., 890 a, 897 b, 911, 912; fut., 935 b: pple, 954 d; inf., 968 d ; int., 1017; caus., 1042 g.

-nam, advbl, 1109 a.

√naç be lost, euph., 192 a; aor., 847, 854 b, 867; fut., 935 d, 936 a; des., 1028.

√naç attain, euph., 218 a; pf.,801 g; aor., 833, 834 b, 837 b; des., 1029 c.

√nas, aor., 837 b.

nás, dcln, 387, 397.

-nas, 1152.

√nah, euph., 223 g; pres., 761 c.

-nā, see 1177.

nāgarī, 1 a.

nāsikya, 230 b.

ní, euph., 192 f.

-ni, 1158.

√niṅs, euph., 183 a; pres., 628.

√nij, euph., 219 a; aor., 847; int., 1024.

nitya-circumflex, 84 b.

√nind, pf., 790 b; aor., 840 b.

nilay, quasi-root, 1087 c.

níç and níçā, 397.

nis, loss of initial of, 1087 a.

√nī, aor., 889, 896, 900 b; fut., 935 a; inf., 968 c; tā-ger'd, 991 c; int., 1017, 1018 a; periphr. pf., 1071 f.

-nī, fem. ending, 1176 d, 1223 c.

nīḍá, euph., 198 d.

√nu or nū, pres., 626 a; aor., 868 a, 887 c; int., 1002 g, 1003.

-nu, 1162.

√nud, aor., 834 d, 904 c; pple, 956 b, 957 d; int, 1017.

nṛ́, dcln, 371.

√nṛt, euph., 192 a; aor., 833, 847, 852 b; inf., 968 d; tvā-ger'd, 991 c.

néd, accent of verb with, 595 e.

nāma, dcln, 525 c.

nāú, dcln, 361 a.


p, pron. etc., 49, 50.

-p, caus.-sign, 1042 i–l; aor. from such caus., 1047.

-pa, 1201.

pakvá as pple, 958.

√pac, pres. 761 b.

√pat, pf., 794 f, h; aor., 847; int., 1002 g; des., 1030, 1031; caus., 1042 g.

páti, dcln, 343 d, e; in dpndt compsn, 1267 a; denom. conj. from, 1054 a.

páth, pathí, pánthan, dcln, 343 j, 395, 433.

√pad, pres., 761 c; aor., 834 b, d, 836, 837 b; pple, 957 d; int., 1002 g; des., 1030.

pád, dcln, 387, 389 b.

pada, 111 a; pada-endings and cases, 111 a, b.

√pan, pf., 794 f; int., 1002 g.

pánthan, see páth.

pára, dcln, 525 c.

parasmāi padam, 529.

párucchepa, euph., 168 b.

palāy, quasi-root, 1087 c.

palyan̄g, quasi-root, 1087 c.

palyay, quasi-root, 1087 c.

√paç, pres., 761 c.

paçcima, dcln, 525 c.

√pā drink, pres., 671, 749 a, 855 a; aor., 830, 838; pple, 954 c; ya-ger'd, 992 a; des., 1028 d; caus., 1042 k.

√pā protect, aor., 912; caus., 1042 m.

pāda, 79, 93 d.

pādapūraṇa, 1122 b.

piṇak, eup'h., 190 c.

√pinv, 699 b, 716 a, 749 b.

√piç, pres., 758; aor. 840 b; pple, 956 b.

√piṣ or piṅṣ, euph., 226 d, f; pres., 694 a, 920 a; aor., 190 c, 758 a.

√pis, euph., 181 d.

√pīḍ, euph., 198 d.

pīpi, conj.-stem, 676, 786 b.

púṁs, púmāṅs, euph., 183 a; dcln, 394.

puraḥsara, puraskṛta, purogama, in compsn, 1302 f.

purā́, pres. in past sense with, 778 a.

puru, in compsn, 1284 b, 1290.

√puṣ, aor., 847.

√pā, pres., 728; aor. (?), 868 a, 894 d; inf., 968 e; caus., 1042 e.

pū́rva, dcln, 525 c; in compsn, 1251 e, 1291 c, 1302 f. pūṣán, dcln, 426 a.

√pṛ fill, euph., 242c; pres., 731, 761 b, 766; pf., 793 h; pple, 955 d, 957 b; inf., 968 c.

√pṛ pass, pf., 793 h; aor., 896.

√pṛ be busy, pres., 767, 773.

√pṛc, pres., 694 a; aor., 834 c, 836 b, 837 b, 840 b, 890, 894 a: pple, 957 c.

√pṛṇ, 731, 753.

pṛ́t, pṛ́tanā, 397.

pṛ́ṣant, dcln, 450 c.

√pyā or pī, pres., 761 e; pf., 786, 794 b; aor., 912, 914 b.; pple, 957 a; caus., 1042 k.

pragṛhya, 138.

pracaya or pracita accent, 90 a.

√prach, euph., 220; pres., 756 a; pf., 794 c; aor. 834 c, 890; pple, 954 b.

√prath, aor., 840 b, 863 a.

prabhṛti, in compsn, 1302 e.

praçliṣṭa-circumflex, 84 d.

√prā, aor., 830, 889.

prāya, in compsn, 1302 i.

√prī, pres., 731; aor. (?), 866, 868; caus., 1042 m.

√pruth, ya-ger'd, 992 b.

√pruṣ, euph., 226 d, 392 b; pres., 732, 1066 b.

plāy, quasi-root, 1087 c.

√plu, aor., 863 b, 866; ya-ger'd, 992 a; cans., 1042 a.

pluta, 78.

√psa, 102 a.


ph, pron. etc., 49, 50.

√phan, pf., 794 h; int., 1002 g, 1003.

√phal, pf., 794 h.

phullá as pple, 958.


b, pron. etc., 49, 50; interchange with v, 50 a.

√baṅh, euph., 223 b.

√badh or vadh, aor., 904 a; des., 1029 a, 1040.

√bandh, euph., 155 b; pres., 723, 730 a; pf., 794 d; fut., 935 b; inf. 968 d.

bahuvrīhi, 1293 b.

√bādh, euph.. 155 b; aor., 904 d; int., 1002 d, 1003; des., 1029 a, 1031, 1040.

√budh, euph., 155 b; aor., 834 b, d, 839, 840 b, 847.

√bṛh, euph., 223 b; pres., 768; int., 1011; caus., 1042 h.

bṛhánt, dcln, 450 a.

bbh, occurrence, 151 e.

√brū, pres., 632; peculiar construction, 268 a.


bh, pron. etc., 49, 60; anomalously changed to a guttural, 161 d; h from, 223 g.

√bhakṣ, 102 a.

√bhaj, euph., 219 a; pf., 794 h; aor., 834 c, 867, 890 a; fut., 936 b; inf., 968 d.

√bhañj, euph., 219 a; pres., 694; pple, 957 c; tvā-ger'd, 991 d.

bhávant, 466, 514 c.

√bhas, euph., 233 f; pres., 678.

√bhāṣ, inf., 968 d.

√bhikṣ, 102 a.

√bhid, aor., 832, 834 d, 836 a, 840 a, 847; pple, 957 d.

bhiṣaj, euph., 219 a; denom. conj. from, 1054 a.

√bhī, pres., 645, 679; pf., 786 b; aor., 831 a, 840 b, 866, 891, 897 b; caus., 1042 l, m; caus. aor., 1047; periphr. pf., 1071 f, 1073 a.

√bhīs, 1042 m; aor., 861 a, 1047.

√bhuj bend, euph., 219 a; pple, 957 c; tvā-ger'd, 991 d.

√bhuj enjoy, euph., 219 a; pres., 694 a; aor., 836 b, 847, 912.

√bhur, pres., 756; int., 1002 d.

bhúvas, euph., 176 c.

√bhū, pf., 789 a, 793 b, 800 d; aor., 829, 830, 836–9, 863, 924; inf., 968 e; in periphr. conjn, 1070–72; in ppial periphr. phrases, 1075 d; in compd conjn, 1091–4.

bhūta in compsn, 1273 c.

√bhṛ, pres., 646, 855 a; pf., 789 b, 797 c; aor., 890 a; int, 1002 g, h, 1003; periphr. pf., 1071 f.

bhos, 456; euph., 174 b.

√bhraṅç or bhraç, pres., 767; aor., 847; pple, 954 b; caus., 1042 h.

√bhrajj or bhṛjj, euph., 219 b.

√bhram, pres., 763; pf., 794 h; pple, 955 a; inf., 968 d; tvā-ger'd, 991 b; ya-ger'd, 992 c; caus., 1042 g.

√bhrāj, euph., 219 b; pf., 790 c, 794 h; aor., 833.

m, pron. etc., 49, 50; as final, 143; as final radcl, 143 a, 212, 256; in extrnl combn, 213; before rāj, 213 b.

-ma, prmy, 1166; scdry, 474, 487 a, d, 1224 b, 1242 c.

√maṅh or mah, pf., 786 a; caus., 1042 g.

maghávan, dcln, 428.

√majj, euph., 219 a; pf., 801 g; aor., 887 a; fut. , 936 a; pple, 957 c; inf., 968 e; des., 1028 j.

-mat, advbl, 1235 e.

√math or manth, pres., 730 a, 731, 732, 1066 b, 746; aor., 899 d; ya-ger'd, 992 b; caus., 1042 g.

√mad or mand, 102 a; pres, 628, 645, 764; aor., 833, 834 d, 839, 840 b, 887 a, 897 b, 899 d, 904 d; pple, 956 b; caus., 1042 g.

√man, pf., 794 f; aor., 834 b, 840 b, 881 e, 887 a, b; fut., 935 b; pple, 954 d; des., 1028 e, 1029 a, 1040; special construction, 268 a, 994 e.

-man, 1168; man- and ma-stems, 1166 c: man-stems in compsn, 1277 b.

manas, in comp. with infin.-stem, 968 g.

-mane, infin. in, 970 d, 974.

-mant, 1235.

√mantr, so-called, 104 b, 1056, 1067, 1073 d.

mánthan, dcln, 434.

√mand, 102 a: see mad.

-maya, 161 a, 1225.

-mara, 1201 a.

√mah, see maṅh.

máh, mahī́, 400 a.

mahánt, dcln, 450 b.

mahā́, 355 a.

mahāprāṇa, 37 d.

√mā measure, pres., 660, 663; aor., 839; pple, 954 c; inf., 968 f; tvā-gerd, 991 b; ya-ger'd, 992 a; des., 1030.

√mā exchange, pres., 761 f.

√mā bellow, pres., 660, 663, 672, 676 c; aor., 868 e.

mā́ṅs, māṅsá (and mā́s), 397.

mātrā, in compsn, 1302 g; euph., 161 a.

-māna, 584 b, 1174.

mā́s, euph., 168 a; dcln, 389 b, 397: and see mā́ṅs.

√mi fix, aor., 911; des., 1030.

-mi, 1167.

√mikṣ, 1033 a; caus., 1042 b.

mitrá, 1185 c.

-min, 1231.

√mil, fut., 936 b.

√mī or mi damage, pres., 192 c, 731, 761 b; aor., 911; des., 1030; caus., 1042 l.

√mīh, euph., 223 b; pf., 790 b; aor., 916 a, 920 a.

√mīv, pple, 955 b.

√muc, pres., 758, 761 b, 855 a; aor., 832, 834 c, 837 b, 839, 847, 890 a; des., 1030.

√mud, aor., 837 b.

√muv, pres., 732, 1066 b; pple, 956 b; caus., 1042 b.

√muh, euph., 223 a, c; pres., 761 a; aor., 847; pple, 955 e.

√mūrch, 220 a; pres., 745 f; pple, 954 e.

mūrdhanya, 45.

√mṛ die, euph., 242 c; pres., 757, 733; aor., 834 a, 837 b.

√mṛ crush, pres., 731.

√mṛj, euph., 219 b; pres., 621 a, 627, 745 e; pf., 786 a. 793 i; aor., 900 a, 919, 920; fut., 935 b, 936 d; pple, 956 b, d; inf., 958 c; tvā-ger'd, 991 c; ya-ger'd, 992 b; int, 1002 g, 1003, 1017; des., 1028 j; caus., 1042 b.

√mṛd, euph., 198 d; caus., 1042 b.

√mṛṇ, 731, 753 a.

√mṛd, fut., 936 d.

√mṛdh, aor., 838, 847.

√mṛç, pf., 786 a; aor., 916, 920; pple, 956 b; int., 1002 g, 1003, 1017.

√mṛṣ, aor., 834 c, 840 a, 847.

-mna, 1224 c.

√mnā, 102 a; aor., 912.

√mruc, aor., 847.

√mlā, pres., 761 c; aor., 912; pple, 957 a; caus., 1042 j.

√mluc, int., 1002 g.


y, pron. etc., 51, 66, 56; relation to i-vowels, 55; nasal y, 71 c, 213 d; y as union-consonant, 258, 313 b, 844, 1112 e, 1151 d, 1230 e, 996 b; resolved to i, 55, 113 b, 129 c; cases of loss of i before, 233 a; y of sfx treated as i, 1203 a.

ya contracted to i, 262, 769, 784 b, 794 b.

ya as conj.-class-sign, 606, 759; as passive-sign, 606, 768, 998 a; added to intens. stem, 1016; in caus. sign, 1055 a; as denom. sign, 1055–67.

-ya (or yā) of gerund, 990, 992, 993; of gerundive, 962, 963, 1213.

-ya, prmy, 1187, 1213; ya-stems in compsn, 1272; scdry, 1210–12.

yakán, yákṛt, 398 a, 432.

√yaj, euph., 219 b, 784b; pres., 628; pf., 784 b; aor., 834 c, 839, 890 a, 894 d; inf., 968 d; des., 1029 c.

√yat, aor., 840 b; pple, 956 b.

yáthā, accent,. 1101 b; in compsn, 1313 c–e.

√yam, pres., 608 b, 631 a, 747; pf., 790 b; aor., 833, 836–9, 887 a, 890 a, 896, 897 b, 911; fut., 935 b; pple, 954 d; inf., 968 d;tvā-ger'd, 991 b; caus., 1042 g.

yama, 230 a.

√yas, aor., 847; pple, 956 b.

-yas for -īyas, 470 a.

√yā, 102 a; aor., 894 c, 912, 914 c.

-yā, 1213 d.

-yin, see 1230 e.

√yu unite, pres., 626 a, 765; ya-ger'd, 992 a.

√yu separate, pres., 608 a, 645; aor., 838, 868 a, 889, 894 b; int., 1018 a; caus., 1042 e.

-yu, 1165; see 1178 h–j.

√yuj, euph., 219 a; pres., 758 a; aor., 832, 834 b, 836 b, 837 a, 839, 840 b, 847, 887 a; root-noun, 386.

√yudh, aor., 834 d, 836 b, 839, 887 a.

√yup, int., 1017.

yúvan, dcln, 427.

yūṣá, yūṣán, 432.

yóṣan, dcln, 426 b.


r, pron. etc., 51, 52; r and l, 53 b; r and s as corresponding sonant and surd, 117 b, 158 a, 164; final, 144, 169; words ending in original r, 169 a; combination as final rdcl, 165; as other, 178; avoidance of double, 179; s or r as final of certain forms, 169 b; from s after a, 176 c; s to ṣ after, 180 ff.; but not before, 181 a, b; changes succeeding n to ṇ, 189 ff.; duplication of consonant after, 228; svarabhakti after, 230 c.

r-endings in 3d pl., 613, 618, 629, 699 b, 738 a, 752 b, 799, 813, 818 a.

ra and rā as increments of r, 241.

-ra, prmy, 1188; scdry, 474, 1226, 1242 c.

√rakṣ, aor., 899 d.

√raj or rañj, euph., 219 a; pres., 746, 767; caus., 1042 g.

√radh or randh, pf., 786 a, 794 h; aor., 847.

√ran, pf., 786 a; aor., 899 d.

√rabh, pf., 786 a, 794 h; aor., 834 d, 897 b; des., 1030.

√ram, aor., 911, 912; pple, 954 d; inf., 968 d; tvā-ger'd, 991 b; caus., 1042 g.

√rā give, pres., 660, 666, 672; aor., 839, 896.

√rā bark, pres., 761 e.

√rāj, euph., 213 b, 219 b; pf., 794 h.

√rādh, pf., 794 h; aor., 836; des., 1030.

√ri or rā, caus., 1042 l.

-ri, 1191.

√ric, pres., 761 b; aor., 834 c, 839, 847, 890.

√riç, aor., 916.

√riṣ, euph., 226 f; aor., 847, 852 a, 853, 870; caus., 1042 b.

√rih, euph., 223 b; int., 1017.

√rī, see ri.

√ru, pres., 626, 633, 755.

-ru, 1192.

√ruc, aor., 834 c, 837 b, 840 b, 847; desid., 1031 b.

√ruj, euph., 219 a; aor., 832; pple, 957 c; tvā-ger'd, 991 c.

√rud, pres., 631; aor., 847; tvā-ger'd, 991 d.

√rudh, pres., 694 a, 758 a, 855 a; pf., 801 h; aor., 832, 834 d, 847, 887 a, 890 a; inf., 968 d; ya-ger'd, 992 b.

√ruç, aor., 916; caus., 1042 b.

rúçant, dcln, 450 c.

√ruṣ, pple, 956 b.

√ruh, euph., 223 b, d; aor., 840 b, 847, 853, 916, 920 a, b; fut., 935 d; inf., 968 d; ya-ger'd, 992 c; caus., 1042 l.

repha, 18.

rāí, dcln, 361 b, f.

-rhī, advbl, 1103 d.


l, pron. etc., 51, 53; l and r, 53 b; l for r in certain verbal prefixes, 1087 c; nasal l, 71 b, c, 206, 213 d; as final, 144; assim. to, 117 g; of t, 162; of n, 206; of m, 213 d; asserted s to ṣ after, 180 b; duplication of consonant after, 228 a; svarabhakti after, 230 d.

-la, prmy, 1189; scdry, 1227.

√lag, pple, 957 c; tvā-ger'd, 991 c; caus., 1042 g.

√lajj, pres., 754.

√lap, pple, 956 b; infin., 968 c.

√labh, aor., 834 d; fut., 935 b; des., 1030.

√lal, caus., 1042 g.

√likh, fut., 936 b.

√lip, pres., 753, 758: aor., 834 d; 847.

√liç, aor., 916.

√lih, euph., 223 b; aor., 916, 920 a.

√lī cling, aor., 911; pple, 957 a; ya-ger'd, 992 a; caus., 1042 l, m.

√lī totter, int., 1018 a, 1022.

√lup, pres., 758, 761 b; aor., 887 a.

√lubh, pres., 761 a.

√lū, pres., 728 a; pple, 957 a.


ḻ, pron. etc., 5 a, 54.


v, pron. etc., 51, 57, 58; relation to u-vowels, 57 a; interchange with b, 50 a; nasal v, 71 c, 213 d; resolved to u, 58 a, 113 b; cases of loss of u before, 233 a; duplication of consonants after, 228 a.

va, contracted to u, 252, 769, 784, 794 b.

-va, prmy, 1190; scdry, 1228; advbl, 1102 e. f.

√vakṣ, pple, 956 b.

√vac, euph., 216 l; pres., 660; pf., 784, 789 d; aor., 847, 853, 854 a.

√vañc, euph., 216 l; pf., 786 a.

-vat, advbl, 1107, 1233 f; scdry, 383 k. 1, 1245 j.

√vad, 102 a; pres., 738 a; pf., 784; aor., 899 d, 904 d; pple, 956 d; int., 1017; desid., 1031 b.

√vadh, see badh.

√van, pf., 786 a, 794 f; aor., 839, 887 b, 912, 914; pple, 955 b; des., 1028 g.

-van, prmy, 1169; scdry, 1234; van-stems in compsn, 1277, 1287 b.

-vana, -vani, -vanu, 1170; -vana, 1425 l.

-vane, infln. in, 970 d, 974.

-vant, 517, 959, 1233; prmry, 1233 g.

√vand, 102 a.

√vap, pf., 784; fut., 935 b; pple, 954 b.

√vam, pres., 631 a; pple, 955 a; tvā-ger'd, 991 b; caus., 1042 g.

vam (from vṛ), 543 a.

-vam, advbl, 1102 b.

-vaya, 1228 b.

-vara, 1171.

-varī, fem. to van, 1169, 1171, 1234 a.

varga, 32.

√varṇ, so-called, 1056.

-vala, 1228 b.

√vaç, pres., 638, 660; pf., 784, 786 a.

√vas shine, euph., 167 ; pres., 608 b, 753 b; pf., 784; aor., 834 b; pple, 956 b, d.

√vas clothe, euph., 167 ; pres., 628, 631 a, 638 a; pf., 786 a.

√vas dwell, euph., 167; pf., 784; aor., 840 b, 883; fut., 935 d; pple, 956 b, d; inf., 968 c; tvā-ger'd, 991 c; in periphr. conj. 1070 c; periphr. pf., 1071 f.

-vas, 1173 b: and see vāṅs.

√vah, euph., 137 c, 223 b, 224 b; pf., 784; aor., 837 b, 839, 840 b, 890 a; fut., 935 d; pple, 954 b; int., 1002 g, 1017; at end of compds, 408.

√vā blow, aor., 912; pple. 957 a.

√vā droop, pres., 761 e.

√vā or vi weave, pres., 761 f; pf., 784, 801 b; fut., 935 c; pple, 954 e; inf., 968 f; caus., 1042 k.

√vāṅs (or -vas), of pples, 584 c, 802–6, 1173; vāṅs-stems, dcln, 458 ff.

vāgháṭ, dcln, 444 a.

√vāç, pf., 786 a; aor., 861 a.

ví, dcln, 343 b.

-vi, 1193.

vikampana, 87 d.

√vic, int., 1024.

√vij, euph., 219 a; aor., 834 c; fut., 935 b. 936 c; pple, 957 c; int., 1017, 1024.

-vit, see 1193 b.

√vid know, 102 a; pres. 613, 618, 621 a; pf., 790 a, 803 a; fut., 935 b; inf., 968 d; des., 1031 b; periphr. pf., 1071 f, 1073 a; periphr. aor. and pres., 1073 b, c.

√vid find, 102 a; pres., 758; pf., 805 b ; aor., 847, 852 a; pple, 957 d.

vidhā, in compsn, 1302 i.

-vin, 1232.

√vindh, pres., 758.

√vip, aor., 840 b; caus., 1042 b.

virāma, 11.

√viç, euph., 218 a; pf., 803 a, 805 b; aor., 834 b, 916, 920 a.

víçva, dcln, 524; in compsn, 1251 e, 1280 c, 1298 c.

√viṣ, euph., 225 a, 226 d, f; aor., 916; int., 1024.

visarga, visarjanīya, 67: and see ḥ.

√vī, int, 1017, 1024 a.

√vṛ cover, 102 a; pres. (ūrṇu), 713; aor., 831 a, 834 a, 836 b, 839, 840 b, 900 b; inf., 968 d; int., 1002 g.

√vṛ choose, 102 a; euph., 102 a, 242 c; pf., 797 c ; aor., 837 b, 840 b; inf., 968 d; caus., 1042 e.

√vṛj, euph., 219 a; pf., 786 a, 803 a; aor., 832, 834 c, 836–9, 919, 920 a; int., 1002 g.

√vṛt, pres., 643 c, 855 a; pf., 786 a; aor., 832, 834 b, 836 b, 839, 840 a, 847, 904 d; fut, 935 b, 943 a; inf., 968 e; int, 1002 g, 1003, 1017, 1023.

vṛtrá, 1185 c.

vṛddhi, 27, 235 ff.

√vṛdh, pf., 786 a; aor., 847, 852 a, b, 897 b; fut., 943 a; inf., 968 e.

√vṛṣ, pf., 786 a; aor., 847; inf., 968 d.

vṛ́ṣan, dcln, 426 b.

√vṛh, aor., 916, 920 a.

voc, quasi- root, 854 a.

-vya, 1228 c.

√vyac, 1087 f; pres., 682; pf., 785, 794 b.

vyañjana, 31.

√vyath, pf.. 785.

√vyadh, pres., 767; pf., 786, 794 b; fut, 936 b; pple, 954 b; inf., 968 f; caus., 1042 g.

√vyay, pres., 761 f.

√vyā or vī, pres., 761 f; pf., 785, 794 b, 801 c; aor., 847; fut, 935 c; pple, 954 c; caus., 1012 k.

√vraj, euph., 219 b; aor., 899 d.

√vraçc, euph., 221 b; pple, 957 c; tvā-ger'd, 991 c.

√vlī, pres., 728 b; pple, 957 a; int, 1017; caus., 1042 l.


ç, pron., etc., 59, 63, 64, 119; relation to , 63 a; as final, 145; in intrnl combn, 218; with preceding t or n, 203.

-ça, 1229.

√çaṅs, pf., 790 c; ya-ger'd, 992 c.

Íak, aor., 837 a, 839, 847; pple, 956 b; des., 1030, 1040.

çakán, çákṛt, 398, 432.

√çan̄k, aor., 904 d.

√çad prevail, pf., 786.

√çad fall, pple, 957 d.

Íap, aor., 233 e; inf., 968 c.

√çam labor, pres., 634, 763.

√çam be quiet, pres., 763; aor., 847; pple, 955 a; caus., 1042 g.

√çaç, pf., 794 j.

Ías, aor., 839.

-ças, advbl, 1106.

√çā, pres., 660, 662, 753 c, 761 g; aor., 834 a; pple, 954 c; caus., 1042 k.

√çās (or çiṣ), pres., 444, 639, 675; aor., 847, 852 a, 854 c; pple, 954 e, 956 b; inf., 968 c; ya-ger'd, 992 c; desid., 1031 b; āçísfrom, 225 a, 392 b.

√çiñj, euph., 219 a; pres., 628.

√çiṣ leave, euph., 226 f; pres., 694 a, 758 a; aor., 847, 853.

√çiṣ, see çās.

√çī lie, pres., 628, 629; pf., 806 a; fut, 935 a; pple, 956 c; ya-ger'd, 992 c.

√çuc, pres., 631 a; aor., 847; int, 968 d; tvā-ger'd, 991 c; caus., 1042 b.

Íudh, caus., 1042 h.

Íubh, pres., 758; aor., 852 a, b, 840 b; caus., 1042 b.

√çuṣ, pres., 761 a.

çúṣka as pple, 958.

√çū, see çvā.

√çūṣ, euph., 240 b.

√çṛ crush, euph., 242 b; pres., 731; pf., 793 h; aor., 900 a, 904 b; pple, 955 d, 957 b; inf., 968 d.

Ícand, int, 1002 g.

Ínath, pres., 631 a; aor., 867.

√çyā or çī, pres., 761 e; pple, 954 c, 957 a.

Írath, pres., 732, 1066 b, 758; pf, 794h; pple, 956 d.

Íram, pres., 763; pf., 794 h; aor., 847; pple, 955 a; caus., 1042 g.

√çrā, pres., 761 e; pple, 954 b; caus. 1042 j; caus. aor., 861 b, 1047.

Íri, aor., 831, 867, 868, 889 a; inf., 968 e; caus., 1042 l.

√çriṣ, aor., 847.

√çrī, pple, 955 d.

√çrīv, see srīv.

Íru, euph., 243; pres., 699 b, 711; pf., 797 c; aor., 831, 836, 838, 839, 853, 866, 867; desid., 1040; caus., 1042 e.

√çruṣ, 102 a.

√çliṣ, euph., 226 d, f; pres., 761 c; aor., 847, 916.

√çvañc, aor., 863 a.

çván, dcln, 427.

Ívas, pres., 631; pple, 956 b; caus., 1042 g.

√çvā or çvi or çū, pf., 786 c, 791 b; aor., 847, 868, 897 b; pple, 957 a; inf., 968 e.

Ívit, aor., 832, 890.


ṣ, pron. etc., 59, 61, 62, 120, 182; relation to ç, 63 a; ordinary derivation, 46; exceptional occurrence, 182; as final, 145, 145 b; schanged to, 180–8; recurrence avoided, 181 c, 184 e, 1028 i; as root final, 182 a, 184 c, 225, 226; changes succeding n to , 189 ff.; assim. of dental after, 197; from ç, 218.

-ṣaṇi, (or -sani), infln in, 970 h, 978, 1159 c, 1160 a.

ṣaṣ, euph., 146 b, 199 c.

-ṣe (or -se), infln. in, 970 c, 973 b.

√ṣṭhīv, euph., 240 b; pres., 745 g, 765; pf., 789 c; pple, 955 c; tvā-ger'd, 991 d.

-ṣyāi (or -syāi), infin. in, 970 g, 977.


s, pron. etc., 59, 60; s and r as corresponding surd and sonant, 117 b, 158 a, 164; s or r as final of certain forms, 169 b; as final, 145, 169, 170 a; combinations of final rdcl s, 145 b, 166–8; of other, 170–7; exceptional cases, 171, 173; final as, 175, 176; ās, 177; s to ṣ, 180–8; exceptional cases, 181, 184 e, 185 c, d, 186 a; ṭ adds t before, 199 e; final n adds (retains) s, 208, 209; s lost between mutes, 233 c–f; in s-aor., 834, 881, 883; after a vowel, 233 b; exceptional combination after such loss, 233 f; s anomalously from final root-consonant, 406 a; s before ām of gen. pl., 313 a, 496 c; in aor., 874 ff.; in fut., 931 ff.; in desid., 1027 ff.

-s, advbl, 1105.

-sa, 1197.

sa-, 1121 e; in compsn, 1288 g, 1304 f–h, 1313 f.

saṁvṛta a, 21.

sákhi, dcln, 343 a–c.

sakthán, sákthi, 343 i, 431.

√sagh, aor., 836 b.

√sac, pres., 660; pf., 794f; aor., 840 b; saçc from, 673, 675.

√saj or sañj, euph., 219 a; pres., 746; pf., 794 d, h, 801 h; aor., 834 c, 887 a; inf., 968 f; des., 1028 i; caus., 1042 h.

√sad, pres., 748; aor., 847, 852 a, 853, 899 d; fut., 935 b, 936 c; pple, 957 d; inf., 968 d.

√san or sā, pf., 804; aor., 847, 853, 899 d; pple, 955 b; int., 1002 g; des., 1028 g, i, 1032 a.

-sani, infln. in, see -ṣaṇi.

saṁdhi, 109.

saṁdhyakṣara, 28 a, 30.

sannatara, 90 c.

√sabhāg, so-called, 104 b, 1067.

samānākṣara, 30.

samprasāraṇa, 252 a.

samrāj etc., 213 b.

-sara, 1201 a.

sarágh or saráḍ, 389 b.

sárva, dcln, 524; in compsn, 1251 e, 1298 c.

√saçc, pres., 444, 673, 673.

sás, euph., 176 a, b.

-sas, 1152.

√sah, euph., 186 a, 223 b, 224 b; pres., 628; pf., 786 a, 790 b, 803 a; aor., 837, 838, 887 a, 897 a, b, 899 d; fut, 935 d; pple, 955 e; inf., 968 d; des., 1030; at end of cmpds, 405.

sahá, in cmpsn, 1304 f, g.

√sā or si bind, pres., 753 c; aor., 830, 834 a, 839, 868 a, 894 c; fut., 935 a, 936 b; pple, 954 c; inf., 968 f; ya-ger'd, 992 a; caus., 1042 k.

-sāt, advbl, 1108.

√sādh, aor., 861 a.

-sāna, ppial words in, 897 b, 1175.

√sāntv, so-called, 104 b.

√si, see sā.

√sic, pres., 758; aor., 847; tvā-ger'd, 991 d; caus., 1042 h.

√sidh repel, fut., 935 b.

√sāv, pres., 761 c, 765; pple, 955 c; des., 1028 h, i.

√su press out, pres., 699 b; aor., 839, 840 b, 867; fut. 935 a; ya-ger'd, 992 a.

su-, 1121 h, i; in compsn, 1284 a, b, 1288, 1304 c, d.

-su, see 1178 f.

√subh, pres., 758.

√sū or su, pres., 626, 628, 755; pf., 789 a; aor., 868 a; fut., 935 a, 936 b, 939 b; inf. 968 d, e.

√sūc, aor., 861.

√sūd, aor., 871.

√sṛ, pf., 797 c, 806 a; aor., 847; caus., 1042 e.

√sṛj, euph., 216 l, 219 b, c; aor., 834 b, c, 840 b, 890; fut, 936 d.

√sṛp, euph., 151 d; pf., 790 c; aor., 834 d, 847; fut., 935 b, 936 d; inf., 968 e; int., 1002 g.

-se, infln. in, see -ṣe.

soṣman, 37 d.

sk, original of ch, 42.

√skand, aor., 833, 890 b; pple, 957 d; ya-ger'd, 992 b; int., 1002 g, h.

√skabh or skambh, pres., 730, 732, 1066 b; pf., 786 a, 790 b, 794 d.

√sku, pres., 626 a; int., 1017.

√stan, pres., 631 a; aor., 899 d.

√stabh or stambh, euph., 233 c; pres., 730, 732, 1066 b; pf., 794 d; pple, 956 b.

-stāt for -tāt, advbl, 1100 b.

√stigh, desid., 1031 b.

√stu, pres., 626, 633; pf., 797 c; aor., 866, 894 b, d; fut, 935 a; ya-ger'd, 992 a; desid., 1028 i; caus., 1042 e.

√stṛ, euph., 242 c; pf., 801 f, 806 a; aor., 831, 834 a, 885, 900 a; pple, 957 b; inf., 968 d; ya-ger'd, 992 a.

stṛ́, dcln, 371 k.

√stṛh, aor., 916.

√styā, pres., 761 e; pple, 957 a.

strī, dcln, 366, 367 c.

√sthā, euph., 233 c; pres., 671, 749 a; aor., 830, 834 a, 836, 837, 840 a, 847, 884, 894 c; pple, 954 c; inf., 968 f; caus. aor., 861 b, 1047; in ppial periphr. phrases, 1075 c.

-sna, 1195.

√snā, caus., 1042 j.

√snih, euph., 223 a, c.

√snu, pres., 626 a.

-snu, 1194.

sparça, 31, 32.

√spaç, aor., 834 c.

√spṛ, aor., 831, 836 b, 839.

√spṛdh, euph., 242 d; aor., 834 b, 840 b.

√spṛç, euph., 218 a; aor., 916, 920 a; fut., 936 d.

√spṛh, euph., 223 b, d; caus., 1042 d.

√sphā, pple, 964 c; caus., 1042 m.

√sphuṭ, fut, 936 b.

√sphṛ, pres., 756; tvā-ger'd, 991 d; caus., 1042 b.

sphoṭana, 230 e.

sma, in pronom'l dcln, 493, 496 a, 503.

sma, pres. in past sense with, 778 b, c.

√smi, tvā-ger'd, 991 d; caus., 1042 l; periphr. pf., 1071 f.

√smṛ, pass., 770 c; tvā-ger'd, 991 d; caus., 1042 e.

sya as denom. sign, 1064.

√syand, pf., 785 a; aor., 861 a, 890 b; fut, 943 a; pple, 957 d; tvā-ger'd, 991 d; int., 1002 g.

√syam, pf., 794 b.

syás, euph., 176 a.

-syāi, infln. in, see -ṣyāi.

sráj, euph., 219 a.

√sras or sraṅs, euph., 168; pf., 790 c; aor., 833, 847; ya-ger'd, 992 b.

√sridh, aor., 847, 852 b.

√srīv (or çrīv), euph., 240 b ; pres., 765; caus., 1042 b.

√sru, pf., 797 c; aor., 868; caus., 1042 e.

sva, 513 b, 416 e; dcln, 525 c.

√svaj, euph., 219 a; pres., 746; pf., 794 h; aor., 863 a; tvā-ger'd, 991 c.

svátavas, euph., 168 a, 415 b.

√svad, pple, 954 f.

√svan, pf., 794 h; aor., 899 d; int, 1002 g.

√svap, pres., 631; pf., 786 b, 794 b; aor., 867; fut, 935 b; pple, 954 b; des., 1028 h; caus., 1042 g.

svayam, in compsn, 1284 b.

√svar, aor., 890 a, 899 d.

svàr, dcln, 388.

svara, 30, 81.

svarabhakti, 230 c–e.

svarita, 81.

svávas, euph., 168 a, 416 b.

√svid, pple, 957 d.

h, pron. etc., 59, 65, 66, 119; from dh and bh, 223 g; as final, 147; compensating aspiration of initial, 147, 155 b; with following tor th, 160 a; with preceding final mute, 163; m before h and another cons., 213 g; reversion to gh, 214 ff., 222; in inflection, 402, 637; in pf., 787; in intens., 1002 i; in desid., 1028 f; internal combn, 222–4; anomalously changed to a sibilant, 150 f; to d, 404; duplication of a cons. after, 228 a; nāsikya added after, 230 b; loss before hi, 1011 a.

-ha, advbl, 1100 a, 1104 b.

√had, pple, 957 d.

√han, euph., 192 b, 216 l, 402, 637, 787; pres., 637, 673, 709; pf., 794 e, 805 a; aor., 899 d; fut., 935 b, 943 a; pass., 998 f; pple, 954 d; inf., 968 d; int., 1002 g, h, i, 1003; des., 1028 e, f; caus., 1042 m; root-noun, 383 h, 402.

hánta, accent of verb with, 598 a.

√has, jakṣ from, 640.

√hā move, pres., 660, 664; des., 1028 d; caus., 1042 d.

√hā leave, pres., 665, 761 b; aor., 830, 889, 912; fut., 936 c; pple, 957 a; inf., 968 f; caus. aor., 861 b, 1047.

√hās, 102 a, 912.

√hi, euph., 192 c, 216 l, 674, 787; pres., 699 b, 716 a; aor., 831, 839, 840 b, 847, 889 a, 894 d; des., 1028 f.

hí, 595 e, 1122 b.

-hi, advbl, 1100 c.

√hiṅs, euph., 183 a; pres., 687, 696; des., 1031 b.

√hinv, 716 a.

√hīḍ, euph., 240 b; pf., 786 b; caus., 1042 b.

√hu, pres., 645, 647 c, 652; periphr. pf. etc., 1071 f, 1073 c.

√hū or hvā, pres., 761 f, 755; pf., 794 b; aor., 834 a, 847, 887 c, 912; fut., 935 c; inf., 968 f; caus., 1042 k; periphr. pf., 1071 f.

√hṛ seize, aor., 834 a, 890 a; inf., 968 d; caus., 1042 e.

√hṛ́d, hṛ́daya, 397.

√hṛṣ, aor., 847; pple, 956 b.

√hnu, pres., 626 a.

√hras, pple, 956 b.

√hrī, pres., 645; aor., 840 b; pple, 957 a; caus., 1042 l; periphr. pf., 1071 f.

√hvā, see hū.

√hvṛ or hvar, euph., 242 c; pres., 682; aor., 863 a, 890; pple, 955 e.