CONTENTS.

CONTENTS.




Chap.


Page.


Preface

v


Introduction

xi

I.

Alphabet

19

II.

System of Sounds;   Pronunciation

1034


Vowels, 10; Consonants, 13; Quantity, 27; Accent, 28.


III.

Rules of Euphonic   Combination

3487


Introductory, 34; Principles, 37; Rules of Vowel   Combination, 42; Permitted Finals, 49; Deaspiration, 53; Surd and Sonant   Assimilation, 54; Combinations of Final s and r, 56; Conversion of s to ṣ,   61; Conversion of n to ṇ, 64; Conversion of Dental Mutes to Linguals and Palatals,   66; Combinations of Final n, 69; Combinations of Final m, 71; the Palatal   Mutes and Sibilant, and h, 72; the Lingual Sibilant, 77; Extension and   Abbreviation, 78; Strengthening and Weakening Processes, 81; Guṇa and Vṛddhi,   81; Vowel-lengthening, 84; Vowel-lightening, 85; Nasal Increment, 86;   Reduplication, 87.


IV.

Declension

88110


Gender, Number, Case, 88; Uses of the Cases, 89;   Endings of declension, 103; Variation of Stem, 107; Accent in Declension,   108.


V.

Nouns and   Adjectives

111176


Classification etc., 111; Declension I., Stems in a,   112; Declension II., Stems in i and u, 116; Declension III., Stems in Long   Vowels (ā, ī, ū): A. Root-words etc., 124; Stems in Diphthongs, 130; B.   Derivative Stems etc., 131; Declension IV., Stems in ṛ and ar, 137;   Declension V., Stems in Consonants, 141; A. Root-stems etc., 143; B.   Derivative Stems in as, is, us, 153; C. Derivative Stems in an, 156; D. in   in, 161; E. in ant or at, 163; F. Perfect Participles in vāṅs, 169; G.   Comparatives in yāṅs or yas, 172; Comparison, 173.


VI.

Numerals

177185


Cardinals, 177; Ordinals etc, 183.


VII.

Pronouns

185199


Personal, 185; Demonstrative, 188; Interrogative, 194;   Relative, 195; other Pronouns: Emphatic, Indefinite, 196; Nouns used   pronominally, 197; Pronominal Derivatives, Posessives etc., 197; Adjectives   declined pronominally, 199.


VIII.

Conjugation

200226


Voice, Tense, Mode, Number, Person, 200; Verbal   Adjectives and Nouns, 203; Secondary Conjugations, 203; Personal Endings,   204; Subjunctive Mode, 209; Optative, 211; Imperative, 213; Uses of the   Modes, 215; Participles, 220; Augment, 220; Reduplication, 222; Accent of the   Verb, 223.


IX.

The   Present-System

227278


General, 227; Conjugations and Conjugation Classes,   228; Root-Class (second or ad-class), 231; Reduplicating Class (third or   hu-class), 242; Nasal Class (seventh or rudh-class), 250; nu and u-Classes   (fifth and eight, or su- and tan-classes), 254; nā-Class (ninth or   krī-class), 260; a-Class (first or bhū-class), 264; Accent á-Class (sixth or   tud-class), 269; ya-Class (fourth or div-class), 271; Accented yá-Class or   Passive Conjugation, 275; So-called tenth or cur-class, 277; Uses of the   Present and Imperfect, 278.


X.

The   Perfect-System

279296


Perfect Tense, 279; Perfect Participle, 291; Modes of   the Perfect, 292; Pluperfect, 295; Uses of the Perfect, 295.


XI.

The Aorist-System

297330


Classification, 297; I. Simple Aorist: 1. Root-Aorist,   299; Passive Aorist 3d sing., 304; 2. the a-Aorist, 305; II. 3. Reduplicated Aorist,   308; III. Sibilant Aorist, 313; 4. the s-Aorist, 314; 5. the iṣ-Aorist, 320;   6. the siṣ-Aorist, 323; 7. The sa-Aorist, 325; Precative, 326; Uses of the   Aorist, 328.


XII.

The   Future-Systems

330339


I. The s-Future, 331; Preterit of the s-Future,   Conditional, 334; II. The Periphrastic Future, 335; Uses of the Futures and   Conditional, 337.


XIII.

Verbal Adjectives   and Nouns: Participles, Infinitives, Gerunds

340360


Passive Participle in tá or ná, 340; Past Active   Participle in tavant, 344; Future Passive Participles, Gerundives, 345;   Infinitives, 347; Uses of the Infinitives, 351; Gerunds, 355; Adverbial   Gerund in am, 359.


XIV.

Derivative or   Secondary Conjugation

360391


I. Passive, 361; II. Intensive, 362; Present-System,   365; Perfect, Aorist, Future, etc., 370; III. Desiderative, 372;   Present-System, 374; Perfect, Aorist, Future, etc., 376; IV. Causative, 378;   Present-System, 380; Perfect, Aorist, Future, etc., 383; V. Denominative,   386.


XV.

Periphrastic and   Compound Conjugation

391403


The Periphrastic Perfect, 392; Participial Periphrastic   Phrases, 394; Composition with Prepositional Prefixes, 395; Other Verbal   Compound, 400.


XVI.

Indeclinables

403417


Adverbs, 403; Prepositions, 414; Conjuctions, 416;   Interjections, 417.


XVII.

Derivation of   Declinable Stems

418480


A. Primary Derivatives, 420; B. Secondary Derivatives,   454.


XVIII.

Formation of   Compound Stems

480515


Classification, 480; I. Copulative Compounds, 485; II.   Determinative Compounds, 489; A. Dependent Compounds, 489; B. Descriptive   Compounds, 494; III. Secondary Adjective Compounds, 501; A. Possessive   Compounds, 501; B. Compound with Governed Final Member, 511; Adjective   Compounds as Nouns and as Adverbs, 512; Anomalous Compounds 514; Stem-finals   altered in Composition, 514; Loose Construction with Compounds, 515.


Appendix

516520


A. Examples of Various Sanskrit Type, 516; B. Example   of Accentuated Text, 518; Synopsis of the conjugation of roots bhū and kṛ,   520.


Sanskrit Index

521539

General Index

540551